Criteria & Indicators


cubo copiaA RENFORUS good practice is not only a sustainable energy practice that is good, but also a practice that has been proven to work well and produce good results, and is therefore recommended as a model. It is a successful experience, which has been tested and validated, in the broad sense and deserves to be shared so that other UNESCO sites can adopt it.The RENFORUS Good Practices are relevant examples of initiatives which the communities living in UNESCO sites have carried out in their territories, feel particularly proud of, and endorse as useful actions for other sites to replicate. As a whole, they represent the commitment of UNESCO sites to improve energy efficiency, reduce emissions of gases and using renewable energy sources in a local level.

RENFORUS Good-Practice are projects or initiatives that:

  • Demonstrate a positive contribution to use of the renewable energy and energy efficiency in UNESCO’s sites.
  • Represent a model of excellence to foster integration of renewable energies in the site.
  • Aim to meet the needs of local population living in the UNESCO sites, as well as their right of access to clean and safe energy.
  • Encourage green economies, capacity building, and empowerment of local communities.
  • Make use of resources without jeopardising the ecosystem functions and the heritage values of UNESCO sites.
  • Provide examples of how to overcome barriers to RE technology deployment.
  • Are suitable for replication by energy stakeholders and decision makers at the local level in other UNESCO sites.
  • Are experiences which have been tested, accepted, and adopted by those who implemented them.
  • Are initiatives that contribute to paving the way toward sustainable energy communities.

The RENFORUS Good Practice Report are the result of extensive outreach and analysis conducted to identify the best practices in renewable energy and energy efficiency in the UNESCO Sites.

The identification and selection of good practices in UNESCO sites include the characterization of each case study, matching to the selection criteria, the use of performance indicators for assessment, and the verification of ability to overcome the existing barriers.

Criteria for good practice selection

A selection of Good Practices was made in respect to the following key criteria:

  • Representativeness
  • Sustainable energy governance
  • Diversity of scope and outcomes
  • Effectiveness and successfulness
  • Environmental sustainability
  • Economic feasibility and technical practicability
  • Participatory approach
  • Replicability and adaptability
  • Relevance for local energy sustainability


Common Performance Indicators


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Dr Osman Benchikh *. Programme Specialist in Charge of Energy and Renewable Energy. Coordinator of RENFORUS project.
E-mail: o.benchikh(at)
Cipriano Marín **. Assistant for RENFORUS project implementation.
E-mail: c.marin(at)
Addresses: * UNESCO. 1, Rue Miollis. 75015 Paris – France
** Avda. Islas Canarias, 35 - 38007, S/C de Tenerife - Spain